Carbohydr Polym. 2021 Mar 15 ;256:117498. Epub 2020 Dec 14. PMID: 33483025
Boosting the antibacterial activity of chitosan-gold nanoparticles against antibiotic-resistant bacteria by Punicagranatum L. extract.
The present work describes the synthesis of a new series of chitosan-gold hybrid nanoparticles (CS-AuNPs) for the delivery of Punicagranatum L. extract (PE). It proposes CS and PE as reducing agents for gold ions in aqueous solution. The effect of PE on the physicochemical properties of the CS-AuNPs was investigated with UV spectroscopy, DLS, DSC, XRD, FTIR, SEM/EDX and TEM. Interestingly, about 50 % reduction in size was observed with using PE alone for gold reduction. Theζ-potential of CS-AuNPs was shifted from +53.1 ± 6.7 mV to 31.0 ± 6.0 mV upon conjugation of the negatively-charged PE polyphenols. The developed PE-conjugated CS-AuNPs exhibited higher stability at different pH values. About 87 % of the loaded PE was released from the NPs over 24 h. The antibacterial activity of CS-PE-AuNPs displayed a synergetic affect against methicillin-resistant S. aureus with MIC and MBC values of 15.6 and 62.5 μg/mL, respectively.