Fisetin attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory responses in macrophage.

PMID: 

Biomed Res Int. 2021 ;2021:5570885. Epub 2021 Apr 13. PMID: 33954178

Abstract Title: 

Fisetin Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory Responses in Macrophage.

Abstract: 

Several studies have reported the efficacy and safety of polyphenols in human health; however, the verification of their efficacy remains insufficient. The aim of this study was to examine whether fisetin, one of flavonoids prevalently present in fruits and vegetables, could suppress lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced inflammatory responses in macrophages. LPS increased proinflammatory mRNA abundance (MCP 1, IL-1, and iNOS) but were suppressed by fisetin. The increment of nitric oxide by LPS, an oxidative stress factor, was attenuated by fisetin. In addition, LPS-enhanced phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK and JNK) was reduced. Finally, fisetin attenuated the expression or activity of uPA, uPAR, MMP-2, and MMP-9, which are known as associated factors of macrophage recruitment or infiltration. In conclusion, fisetin is a promising therapeutic agent for macrophage-related inflammation diseases, like sepsis and atherosclerosis.

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