Biol Trace Elem Res. 2021 Sep 4. Epub 2021 Sep 4. PMID: 34480665
Selenium Deficiency Induces Apoptosis and Necroptosis Through ROS/MAPK Signal in Human Uterine Smooth Muscle Cells.
Selenium (Se) is one of the essential trace elements; its deficiency induces ROS production and cell death in cardiomyocytes, skeletal muscle cells, and vascular smooth muscle cells, but it is still not clear the impact of Se deficiency on human uterine smooth muscle cells (HUSMCs). To investigate the effect of low Se on the mRNA expression of selenoproteins, the mRNA and protein expression of apoptosis and necroptosis of HUSMCs and their mechanism, Se deficient HUSMCs mode was established through culturing with 1% FBS containing 0 ng/mL, 0.7 ng/mL, and 7 ng/mL Se, and 10% FBS was as the control group. Then, the apoptosis and necroptosis rates, intracellular ROS content and the expression levels of selenoproteins, apoptosis, necroptosis, MAPK pathway-related genes were examined under different Se concentrations. The results showed that Se deficiency led to the augment of cell apoptosis and necroptosis in HUSMCs (p