J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2020 Aug ;40(8):406-417. PMID: 32813603
Lycopene Alleviates Hepatic Hypoxia/Reoxygenation Injury Through Nrf2/HO-1 Pathway in AML12 Cell.
[Figure: see text] Lycopene (lyc) has an effect on preventing cancer, yet its effects on hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury remained obscure. The study aimed at discovering its role in preventing hepatic cells against H/R injury. Hepatic cells were incubated in hypoxia incubator to simulate ischemia/reperfusion injury. Cell viability was detected using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay after Lycopene treatment with or without ML385 (nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 [Nrf2] inhibitor). Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) content were detected. Cellular cytokine (tumor necrosis factor-α, TNF-α; interleukin-6, IL-6) levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Hepatic cell apoptosis and cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) content was detected by flow cytometry. Nrf2 transfer was observed using immunofluorescence staining. Nrf2 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expressions were detected with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot as needed. In hepatic cells, after H/R, the viability was dropped, TNF-α and IL-6 levels and LDH and MDA content were increased, with high apoptosis rate and ROS content. Lycopene led to a reversedeffect, with promotion on Nrf2 transfer from cytoplasm into nucleus and Nrf2/HO-1 pathway activation. Further experiments showed that ML385 could reverse the effects of Lycopene. Lycopene could activate Nrf2/HO-1 pathway to protect hepatic cells against H/R injury.